Research Papers

Rural and urban motor vehicle collisions: is there a fatal divide?

Filename 6B-Roos-SPC-Honourable-Mention.pdf
Filesize 248 KB
Version 1
Date added June 30, 2016
Downloaded 13 times/fois
Category 2016 CARSP XXVI Halifax
Tags Research and Evaluation, Session 6B, Student Paper Award Winner
Author/Auteur James Roos
Stream/Volet Research and Evaluation
Award/Prix Student Paper Competition - Honourable Mention

Slidedeck Presentation not available

Abstract

While it has been consistently demonstrated that fatal motor vehicle collision rates are higher for rural than urban roadways, it remains to be elucidated which collision factors account for this difference. Factors such as alcohol use, vehicle speed, restraint use, and driving experience
have been identified as potential risks for fatalities in motor vehicle collisions. Environmental factors including weather conditions, visibility, and road type have also been associated with motor vehicle collision fatalities; however, fatal motor vehicle collision rates have been
demonstrated to be higher in rural locations even when controlling for age, restraint use, and vehicle speed.

This study aims to assess which collision factors are most prevalent for fatal rural motor vehicle collisions, and to address how those factors differ in significance between rural and urban regions.

James Roos