Research Papers

High-risk driving in Ontario, Canada: A review on street racing and stunt driving

Version 1
Date added June 30, 2016
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Category 2016 CARSP XXVI Halifax
Tags Research and Evaluation, Session 6C
Author/Auteur Zumrut Yildirim-Yenier
Stream/Volet Research and Evaluation

Slidedeck Presentation Only (no paper submitted)

6C - Yildirim-Yenier

Abstract

Background/Context: High-risk driving, such as street racing and stunt driving, refers to operating a vehicle in a dangerous and irresponsible way, which can lead to negative outcomes of injuries, fatalities, and property damage. These kinds of behaviors are prohibited in Canada; in particular, Street Racers, Stunt and Aggressive Drivers Legislation was passed in Ontario in September 2007 to decrease high risk driving. Since then, the effectiveness of the concerned law as well as factors associated to street racing and stunt driving have been investigated in several studies.

Aims/Objectives: The aim of this review is to summarize research studies examining street racing and stunt driving behaviors and their correlates in Ontario.

Methods/Target Group: Results will be presented from various studies using different methods. First, findings from two times series analyses studies will show how effective the concerned law has been with regard to decreasing extreme speeding convictions and casualties. Second, regression results from a survey study will present what kinds of factors are predictive of involvement in street racing and stunt driving. Finally, structural equation modeling results from a survey study will show whether high-risk driving tendencies are transferred to on-road driving as violations.

Results/Activities: Findings indicated that the concerned law has been effective for decreasing extreme speeding convictions and casualties, especially for males compared to females. It was also shown that there are some personal factors (e.g., driver thrill seeking) predicting higher involvement in stunt driving and street racing. High-risk driving tendencies were further found to be associated to everyday driving violations, such as speeding and aggressive driving.

Discussion/Deliverables: Findings covered in this review are discussed in terms of their contributions, limitations, and implications.

Zumrut Yildirim-Yenier