Research Papers

A literature review on bus drivers' health and safety: a conceptual model

Version 1
Date added June 28, 2017
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Category 2017 CARSP XXVII Toronto
Tags Research and Evaluation, Session 7B
Author/Auteur Martin Lavalliere
Stream/Volet Research and Evaluation

Slidedeck Presentation not available (no paper submitted)

Abstract

With the constant increased usage of automobiles as a way of transportation, policy makers and city planners are pushing strongly towards a widespread use of public transportation services as an alternative mode of mobility and a way of reducing congestion. On the other hand, it makes bus drivers responsible for people arriving on time for their jobs or appointments and while they still have to drive in complex driving environments such as high density traffic or during inclement weather. Unfortunately, little is known about the actual precursors of health and safety conditions of bus drivers. By using a conceptual model representing the bus driver and the working environment in which they evolve, we aim to identify various factors associated with their health and safety as well as their traffic safety profile (ex. collisions per distance driven, etc.). Moreover, we aim to outline association between different factors related to the driver (the human), the bus (the vehicle) and their environment as well as identifying other variables associated with their health and safety. In order to assess the importance of this research area, extensive searches were conducted on Pubmed, Scopus, ISI web of knowledge and Google scholar. Keyword search terms were "Bus", "Safe*, "Health*, and "Driver". Once the literature was collected, it was sorted into a coherent resume of the general ideas and is presented for discussion in order to document the work of urban or inter-city bus drivers, and the possible impact of this job on their health and safety. Based on the initial results of this review, there is a need to inform not only drivers but also organisations who employ bus drivers of the possible risks associated with their jobs (ex. developing obesity, work related collisions, etc.) in order to keep them safe and healthy behind the wheel. Prevention and education are the first steps towards an integrated understanding of how we can prevent health and safety issues among the bus drivers' community. Finally, though limited prevention strategies currently exist for these issues in the literature, some strategies are presented for consideration who have shown promising results in clienteles similar to bus drivers.

Martin Lavalliere